What Are the Parts of a Motherboard?

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motherboardThe motherboard or PCB (Primary Circuit Board) is responsible for connecting all computer devices to the microprocessor. It supplies devices with power and allows the computer to react with them, Devices that can be used by connecting to the motherboard are: Storage devices, sound cards, graphic cards and hard disks.

Devices or components that are needed to make the computer work as it should, are inbuilt within the motherboard or can be connected to it using a socket or port. Listed below are sockets and ports that are available on the motherboard for connecting devices and , what that they are capable of doing.

PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Slot: Supports peripherals like sound cards, DVD decoders, and graphic accelerators with 32 bits at 33Mhz capabilities. There are usually anywhere from 1 to 6 PCI slots available on the motherboard.

AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port): This provides fast bus speed connectivity along with fast access to the main memory. It is designed for video cards that demand higher bandwidth.

Chipset-North Bridge: An integrated circuit that has special duties.

CPU (Central Processing Unit) Socket: A socket specifically for connecting your computer processor.

DIMM (Double Inline Memory Module) slots, SIMM (Single Inline Memory Module) and RIMM: Different types of memory (RAM) can be installed into these slots.

Motherboard Battery: A battery compartment, which stores the battery used for storing data such as system date and time, when you shut down your system.

IDE Connector: Responsible for connecting the IDE cord used for hard disks, CD drives, and DVD drives.

Firewire header (IEEE 1394): A serial bus used to exchange digital and audio data with high performance abilities.

The following listed items are parts that are built within the motherboard with specific connective uses such as keyboards, mouse, and printers.

PS/2 Connectors: Each motherboard usually has 2 PS/2 connectors for the keyboard and the mouse.

USB (Universal Serial Bus) Port: There are usually a couple of these ports located on each motherboard used for connecting pen drives and external hard drives, like Ipods or Mp3 players.

Parallel or (LPT) Port: The place used to connect scanners and printers.

Game Port: The port to connect all gaming devices for example, a joystick.

Sound Card Connectors: Plug in your microphone or speakers here.

Display Connector: Connecting your monitor to the motherboard.

COM (Communication) Port: The port designed to connect your mouse and modem.

Now that you know all the parts and pieces that make up your motherboard, hooking up that new computer system may not be so frustrating. Here are some companies that manufacturer motherboards: Tyan, ASUS, Super Micro, Intel, Iwill, Diamond, First International Computer, Elite Group Computer Systems, American Megatrends, and EFA.

For more information about motherboards and pricing for the most popular manufacturers, check out the following links:

Intel Motherboards
Asus Motherboards
Super Micro Motherboards
Tyan Motherboards

Author – Nanette Aniston is an authority in PC troubleshooting at http://www.pc-error-repair.org For a free driver scan visit http://www.driverscan.org and update all your drivers in 2 minutes.

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Comments on What Are the Parts of a Motherboard? Leave a Comment

August 17, 2009

Ahmed Mohamed mohamoud @ 10:04 am #

dear sir
i asking your a qurestion about the motherboard so we need motherboards
so how we can get, the motherboards, i am responisble for whole-saler so please we need the motherboards

thanks
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October 27, 2009

lwazi @ 1:38 am #

more about motherboard

December 8, 2009

Teddey Zike @ 2:22 am #

qurestion about the motherboard so we need motherboards
thanks

December 10, 2009

delfin @ 12:10 am #

publish the parts and the function of the motherboard

delfin @ 12:13 am #

publish the price of the hypertransfort motherboard with riser and video card

February 8, 2010

wasim And vishal @ 5:04 am #

The components of motherboard are given brieflly so thanks for that

February 22, 2010

kamal @ 12:50 am #

Sir,
I Need price list to verious company of motherboard to latest version

March 11, 2010

luis @ 10:53 am #

the need price list to virous company

the king

May 24, 2010

v.shilpa @ 8:49 am #

thanks for giving the details about mother board

June 17, 2010

GANGADHAR @ 12:03 am #

dear sir

the need price list to virous company

tin heann @ 5:39 am #

@wasim And vishal:
i have motherboard, GIGABYTE GA-965P-DS3 .
what type of ram and cpu to support this motherboard?

June 24, 2010

prabhakar @ 2:18 am #

a too sent some information

July 9, 2010

john levie abueva @ 9:24 pm #

thanks 4 the information

August 1, 2010

... @ 1:56 pm #

every kind of cpu and ram you can use . but the msi is a good mothe board
@tin heann:

August 6, 2010

mark @ 5:35 am #

aaaaaaa

August 11, 2010

my motherbord 31 Pir intel my motherbord support 2 GB @ 10:31 pm #

y motherbord 31 Pir intel my motherbord support 2 GB

December 17, 2010

JMontes @ 10:27 pm #

this is a good reference especially for newbie.
I myself like reading this of reference during my early days…

January 25, 2011

Mary Joy B. Lumayag @ 12:50 am #

this is good for the student IT that we can search more about this parts of the motherboard…

Mary Joy B. Lumayag @ 12:57 am #

@lwazi: you are correct ……we just to know more about parts of the motherboard………

March 2, 2011

mohan @ 6:15 am #

what is meant by motherboard

April 3, 2011

jasmine otovo @ 5:52 pm #

thanks for the info. i just got my report done with…so thanks sososososososo much!!!!
* and i did not plagiarize( i hate ppl like that)

May 10, 2011

badal bipul @ 12:05 am #

thanks for the info. i just got my report done with…so thanks sososososososo much!!!!
* and i did not plagiarize( i hate ppl like that)

June 14, 2011

hp @ 4:01 am #

thankz a lot!!!!

June 24, 2011

Elizabeth @ 10:42 am #

what is the difference between port and headers???
and what are those…..

July 24, 2011

Marymede catholic @ 7:53 pm #

great work lol

July 31, 2011

jl @ 10:55 pm #

crazy delfin?@delfin:

August 17, 2011

jhay @ @ 7:02 am #

what is the good server in internet caffe_ intel or amd- ?????????????????

jhay @ @ 7:03 am #

plz_ reply

September 7, 2011

jocel @ 11:42 pm #

thanks the info coz it help me a lot for my report…

October 17, 2011

azeb @ 7:48 am #

November 1, 2011

zalme ocampo @ 7:24 pm #

thanks a lot

November 12, 2011

mozes mwale @ 3:17 am #

nyc xplaination

May 16, 2012

priya @ 4:14 am #

10X 4 THE INFRMATION

November 9, 2012

Susann @ 11:18 am #

This thing didn,t help

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