One of the reasons why many Windows users are deathly afraid of using the command prompt in Windows is because they simple don't know what to do when that black screen pops open.
It doesn't look or act like their favorite word document or browser program, and it gives you that "lost in space" feeling.
One way to give yourself a sense of orientation when using the command prompt, is being able to navigate around the file system and into different folders. To do this, you just need to know two simple commands, and, learn how to type less with a simple trick.
First, open up a command prompt by clicking on Start \Run… and enter cmd in the run box.
Once the command prompt windows opens, take notice of the current direction location, which is your user directory.
Before you can navigate around, you need to be able to see what's inside the current directory. To view the contents of the directory, simply use the Directory command by typing dir at the prompt and press Enter.
The dir command has many other options that you can use such as, sorting the contents of a directory alphabetically, by size, type, date, etc.
To sort, you need to use the switch /O (followed by how you want to sort) with the dir command. For example:
- To sort by name alphabetically use: dir /ON
- To sort by size (smallest first) use: dir /OS
- To sort by date and time (oldest first) use: dir /OD
Tip: To view all available switch options that can be used, type dir /? at the prompt.
Ok, now we can see where were at and the contents of the directory we are currently in. Now let's navigate around.
To move around, we need to use the Change Directory command: cd
So, in your user directory, say you have a folder named Documents. To move into that directory, just type cd Documents at the prompt and press Enter.
At this point you can use the dir command to list the contents of the Document folder. But, say you wanted to keep moving through the directory?
Well. if you know the full path, you can just type it at the prompt (cd C:\Users\wtn\Documents\Updater). But, I stink at typing. So here's a little trick I mentioned at the beginning of the article to make navigating a whole lot easier by typing less.
When you are using the cd command, instead of typing the directory name, press the Tab key on your keyboard. This will list the folders (in the current directory). As you continue to press the Tab key each time, Windows will list one by one, each folder. When you see the folder you want to change directory into, just press Enter.
NOTE: Windows XP owners, see How To Enable Command Prompt Automatic Completion
Now that's a whole lot easier than typing
So far, I showed you how to move "forward" through a directory. But how do you go backwards, or to a different part of the directory? Here are some tips on how to move around:
When you list contents of a directory using the dir command, you will notice the first two items in the list:
09/28/2008 05:16 PM .
09/28/2008 05:16 PM ..
The item with one period is the current directory and the item with double period is the parent directory (one folder above) of the directory are you in. So to move back or up one folder in the directory tree, type cd .. at the prompt and press enter.
- You can use this command to move back through multiple folders in the directory tree by typing cd ..\.. (this will move you back two parent folders).
- If you just want to start at the top of the directory tree, which in this example is the root of the C:\ drive, just type cd C:\ at the prompt and press Enter.
- If you have more than one drive letter on your computer, you can switch to that drive the same way by typing cd E:\ at the prompt and press Enter.
Now that you can see how easy it is to move around and list directory contents here are some more tricks you can use to impress your friends: